Institute for Labor Studies ILS (ILS) banner logo
Philippine Standard Time


To contribute to the realization of the national goal of inclusive growth, the Department of Labor and Employment implements the Kabuhayan Program, which specifically seeks to assist vulnerable workers such as the self-employed, landless farmers, unpaid family workers, displaced workers, parents of child laborers and low-wage seasonal workers. Selected beneficiaries are provided with livelihood opportunities, as well as training support, to help them augment their incomes and consequently reduce their vulnerability. While DOLE regularly monitors the program, which has been in existence for more than a decade, its effectiveness and outcomes have not been determined with definiteness.

In aid of decision-making and as part of the program process and cycle, the evaluation of programs is needed to determine if the program is working well or not, or whether it as achieved its objectives. An assessment of the operations and results of the program is needed to contribute to the improvement of program results, service delivery, and management, and for greater efficiency and effectiveness. The Social Amelioration Program (SAP) in the Sugar Industry was established with the aim of contributing to the attainment of decent living of sugar workers and their families through sharing in the fruits of production, or profit-sharing through the imposition of a lien on the volume of sugar produced.

Part of the strategies of the Human Resource Development Convergence Program in the Sugarcane Industry of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) is the conduct of public discussion among government agencies and partners about skills development for sugarcane workers. With the aim of contributing to this discussion, the paper aims to generate a skills profile of the target workforce and consequently draw some implications of this skills profile to the Convergence Program. Using available and relevant encoded data from the DOLE-funded Nationwide Profiling of sugarcane workers to determine the skills profile, the findings indicate that majority of the research’s subject workforce is low skilled and unskilled.

Among the key strategies of the government to reduce and further prevent the incidence of child labor is to ensure decent and productive work for parents of working children and provide basic social protection for their families. It is within this context that the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) initiated the Kabuhayan Para sa Magulang ng Batang Manggagawa (KASAMA) Project. Since 2008, KASAMA has been implemented as one of the regular projects under the DOLE Integrated Livelihood and Emergency Employment Program (DILEEP), which is aimed at the formation or enhancement of livelihood undertaking of informal sector workers toward the creation of sustainable or viable businesses that will provide decent income for their families.

Youth unemployment and underemployment are one of the country’s most challenging economic and social problems. According to the April 2014 Labor Force Survey, about half (49.8% or 1.456 million) of the total unemployed workforce were young workers belonging to the 15-24 age bracket. To increase the probability of finding work for these jobless youth and raise their productivity as well as income, governments and policymakers have identified programs to facilitate their smooth transition from school to the labor market. The Special Program for Employment of Students is one of the government interventions promoting youth employment.