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working papers archive

Working papers are reports that make the case for policy change, through a methodical inquiry into a specific policy or program problem or issue related to labor or employment, systematic observation of the manifestations of the problem, from which conclusions and policy, regulatory, operational or programmatic recommendations are derived. The papers are intended for specific actual or target clients, who have enunciated needs to consider or use the findings and recommendations as evidence of policy or program challenges and as basis for addressing policy problems or enhancing policies or programs related to labor and employment.

ILS working papers constitute a component of the policy development cycle of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), the papers forming part of evidence or basis for policy formulation, review or enhancement. Thus, the primary users of ILS research papers are the DOLE bureaus and attached agencies. To ensure that the papers respond to the needs of DOLE for evidence-based policy making, ILS develops an annual research agenda aligned with the policy development needs of its primary users, usually as enunciated through the directives of the Secretary of Labor and Employment or through official request letters of the various DOLE offices. DOLE also uses ILS papers as basis for crafting legislative agenda and legislative proposals.

Note: 2018 Research Papers are compiled in the Philippine Journal of Labor Studies


Employment Research Division is primarily interested in conducting researches and studies that examine the current employment situation and condition in the country. Its end goal is to produce researches and policy recommendations that will facilitate jobs creation and employment opportunities that are gainful, humane and productive.

Rights at Work

This research area focuses on the implementation of core labor standards and other international labor standards ratified by the Philippines. It delves into the issues and challenges that arise out of aligning these standards to Philippine laws, most especially as they relate to freedom of association.

Social Protection

This area of research focuses on the welfare and well-being of Filipino workers, both local and overseas. Research endeavors in this area look into social protection programs that could be improved, or measures that could be introduced, more importantly for workers in precarious working conditions, in the context of a social protection floor.

Social Dialogue

This area of research supports the promotion of industrial peace and harmony. It looks at ways to improve the different modes of social dialogue, from exchange of information to joint decision making between and among workers, employers and government at various levels, such as at the workplace, at the industry and at the national levels.


This area of research focuses on labor migration, its issues and concerns, in order to aid in designing policies that result to a well-managed migration, and one that it is coherent with national development agenda and employment strategies where migrant workers’ rights are protected, welfare is promoted and are afforded with decent work.

Labor Market Governance