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Social Protection

This paper examines the policy framework on worker displacement specifically by reviewing existing issuances, programs and mechanisms; designing conceptual and operational frameworks to strengthen present initiatives; and recommending measures or interventions for policy revisions. The review of existing frameworks for worker displacement has sought at least seventeen policy issuances of the DOLE since 1997 relevant to the subject matter and has found varying definitions and interpretations on worker displacement. Issuances have also shown the progress and improvement in the level of understanding and conceptualization of the DOLE on worker displacement expanding definitions from initially covering economic-related disruptions to including natural or man-made and policy-related disruptions.

Migratory sugarcane workers (MSWs) are among the most vulnerable sectors in the Philippine society. They have to face a number of risks, including precarious working conditions, limited access to social protection mechanisms, and seasonality of employment. Cognizant of their vulnerabilities, the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) regulates the employment of MSWs by virtue of Department Order (DO) Number 159-16, which intends to strengthen protection of MSWs. In this paper, the authors seek to analyze the patterns involved in recruiting MSWs, their living and working conditions, as well as their coping strategies and aspirations.

To contribute to the realization of the national goal of poverty reduction and inclusive development, the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) implements the DOLE Integrated Livelihood Program (DILP) Kabuhayan Program. DILP specifically seeks to assist vulnerable workers such as the self-employed, landless farmers, unpaid family workers, displaced workers, parents of child laborers and low-wage seasonal workers. Selected beneficiaries are provided with livelihood opportunities, as well as training support, to help them augment their incomes and consequently reduce their vulnerability.

The socio-economic cost of poor occupational safety and health (OSH) practices and work-related accidents or diseases leading to death is notably immense. Considering this, the Philippines has established social safety nets, including employment injury benefits, to assist occupationally injured or ill workers. This paper analyzes the existing employment injury insurance system in the country vis-à-vis the minimum international standards on employment injury benefits as set in the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 121. Using both primary and secondary data, this research examines the extent to which existing Philippine laws and related measures complement the requirements of the Convention and the possible policy implications once ratified.

In 1990, the Philippines ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC or UNCRC), a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health, and cultural rights of children.