The socio-economic cost of poor occupational safety and health (OSH) practices and work-related accidents or diseases leading to death is notably immense. Considering this, the Philippines has established social safety nets, including employment injury benefits, to assist occupationally injured or ill workers. This paper analyzes the existing employment injury insurance system in the country vis-à-vis the minimum international standards on employment injury benefits as set in the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 121. Using both primary and secondary data, this research examines the extent to which existing Philippine laws and related measures complement the requirements of the Convention and the possible policy implications once ratified.
The study notes that although the Philippines has not yet ratified the Convention, OSH policies are already in place and medical and financial assistance are provided for the protection of workers and their beneficiaries, in cases of fatalities. However, the coverage and return to work programs need to be further revisited to ensure wider and effective reach of the country’s employees’ compensation program.
Title: AN ANALYSIS OF ILO CONVENTION 121 VIS-À-VIS EMPLOYMENT INJURY INSURANCE AND PROTECTION IN THE PHILIPPINES
Researcher: Frances Camille G. Dumalaog || Malorie Joy O. Mones