The literature on the development impact of migration on the sending country is vast and complex. Remittances, however, have largely dominated the discourse in this area. One topic that has so far received relatively less attention in the literature on the link between migration and development, despite being perceived as having a major impact on the development of the economy, is “brain gain” or “transfer of knowledge activities” through the skills of migrants.
Read more: “Enabling Expert Returnees to Contribute to National Development”: Case Studies of Returned...
The Philippine furniture industry has rapidly evolved over the years. From its being a mere rattan pole and wicker export supplier in 1960’s, the industry was able to expand and became one of the top suppliers of well-designed furniture exports not only in Asia but in the whole world. The industry’s capacity to manufacture a wide range of well-designed furniture made it become recognized in the field of world class furniture manufacturing. The entire work process of the furniture industry is labor-intensive. Its supply chain has both upstream and downstream sectors that provide direct and indirect employment opportunities to millions of Filipino people.
Read more: AN ASSESSMENT OF FIRM-LEVEL PRACTICES ON DECENT WORK IN THE FURNITURE INDUSTRY
As a developing country, the Philippines is seriously embarking on its efforts to drive economic growth and improve its competitiveness and productivity in order to increase employment opportunities and reduce poverty. This is anchored on the inclusive growth framework of the present administration of the Philippine government, which requires that sustained economic growth must “massively create jobs, draw vast majority into the economic and social mainstream and continuously reduce mass poverty.” According to business and labor alike, productivity gainsharing is seen to be the missing puzzle of the labor and management community towards poverty alleviation, economic contribution business efficiency and global competitiveness.
Read more: Driving Enterprise Growth and Improving Workers’ Productivity: A Study of Productivity Gainsharing...
In the 3rd quarter of 2012, news of the national economy growing at 7.1% came as a pleasant surprise. According to the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB), industry growth contributed largely to the upturn of the Philippine gross domestic product (GDP), with the industry sub-sectors (manufacturing; construction; electricity, gas and water supply) exhibiting remarkable growth. This manifest improvement in the industry performance has been tracked for five (5) consecutive quarters, giving high hopes for the country for a manufacturing ‘renaissance’ which could lead to significant increases in investments, per capita growth and employment.
Read more: A Framework on Embedding Decent Work in Industrial Policy: The Philippine Automotive Industry as...
The paper determines the employment implications of ASEAN integration in 2015 for the Philippine sugarcane industry using decent work fundamentals as framework for analysis. Decent work espouses four-fold objectives, to wit: 1) increases in employment levels in the sugarcane industry through productivity improvement programs and skills upgrading measures; 2) improvements in the working conditions of sugar workers through observance of their rights; 3) expansions in the provision of livelihood, training and income augmenting programs; and 4) advancements in social dialogue processes in the industry.
Read more: Decent Work in an Integrated ASEAN Context: The Case of the Philippine Sugarcane Industry