The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group I contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) warned that extreme weather events will intensify due to climate change, thus stating: “Globally, it is likely that the area encompassed by monsoon systems will increase over the 21st century.” It is in this likely context of intensified disaster and climate-induced risk that the author wrote this paper to present a strategy framework that will highlight the employment dimension of disaster experience and recommend strategies for preventing massive and long-term loss of employment and livelihood in post-disaster settings.
The paper focused on the hazard of typhoons, particularly the experience in Typhoons Ondoy, Sendong and Pablo. The paper proposes a framework of government supports for resilience building among workers. This framework proposes that the government should provide resilience-building supports as a foundation for reducing if not eliminating or reducing probability and severity of disaster risk. This paper has three parts corresponding to components of the framework: 1) labor market risks as indications probability of disaster risk; 2) severity of disaster experiences (typhoons Ondoy, Pepeng, Sendong and Pablo); 3) government supports for recovery solutions, divided into two stages: anticipatory or preventive resilience building supports that can be put in place prior to the disaster and adaptive supports to facilitate transition of workers to situation of recovery from a disaster that had not been prevented; and 4) worker resilience building supports policy and strategy framework. The study used the qualitative research method of case study and gathered data through roundtable discussions, interviews and document review.
Title: Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Improving Labor Market Resilience and Employment Recovery
Researcher:Mary Grace L. Riguer