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Social Protection

Hazards in workplaces are common especially in sectors where informal arrangement exists such as in small-scale mining. Although there is a dearth of data in reported injuries, accidents, or casualties, it is of great consideration that the safety and working conditions in this sector are addressed given the risks that they are exposed to. With the mine sites from four provinces in the Philippines as study areas, this research examines the existing policies and regulations that govern mine safety and the working conditions of those engaged in the small-scale mining. This study uses a mix of qualitative and quantitative research tools for the data-gathering.

Results of the study indicate that: (1) the definition of small-scale mining in the Philippines needs to be revisited given the gaps between the definition and practices in terms of mode of extraction; (2) varied safety measures and practices are undertaken by different small-scale mining communities; and (3) labor standards and social protection concerns are not so much emphasized as issues as compared to the challenging process and requirements of legalization. It is recommended that convergence and cooperation among concerned agencies at the local level be considered in contextualizing and harmonizing policies that will address the different issues faced by small-scale mining communities in different regions in the country towards their formalization and inclusion in the process of just transition.

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Title: Safety And Working Conditions In Small-Scale Mining:  The Case Of Selected Small-Scale Metallic Mines In The Philippines
: Malorie Joy O. Mones