One of the main gaps in the discourse of sustainable livelihoods is the realization of the convergence of efforts of different actors. This study aimed to contribute to a better understanding of the elements affecting the governance of Philippine livelihood programs and the convergence principles in pursuit of sustainable livelihoods. Using the phenomenological methodology, participants' lived experiences relative to the implementation of livelihood initiatives were examined through interviews and focus group discussions.
Findings show that policy instruments, management tools, and values are the general factors regarded to impact the governance of livelihood programs. Furthermore, the idea of convergence is considered to be applied at various levels of governance and at varying degrees, except for the degree of integration. Integration is perceived to be hindered by the following: lack of shared data infrastructure; diversified thrust and priorities as agencies are working within their mandates and key result areas; and non-existence of high-level policy and institutionalized coordinating platform. Hence, the study deemed that the finalization of the Philippine National Livelihood Framework can bring about an initial step in the process of integrating the government's efforts to support the growth of livelihood projects and give people better opportunities to thrive and not just survive.
Keywords: livelihood programs, governance, convergence, policy integration, National Livelihood Framework
Researchers: Malorie Joy O. Mones, Arianne Ishreen C. Bucar, Soledad R. De Luna