Labour inspections have been viewed as an important way of ensuring that labour standards enshrined in the International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions and corresponding national laws are maintained. The International Labour Organization (ILO) has two core labour inspection conventions: (a) the ILO Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81) and (b) the ILO Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention, 1969 (No. 129). Convention 81 sets out the basis international standards, while Convention 129 acts as a supplemental instrument taking into account the special characteristics of the agriculture sector.
Labor inspection in the Philippines is governed by the Labor Code, as amended. It provides the Secretary of Labor and Employment and authorized representatives with visitorial and enforcement powers to access the premises and records of an establishment to ensure its compliance with labor laws and related issuances. However, the Philippines has not yet ratified ILO Convention No. 81 (Labour Inspection), the international standard for labor inspection in industrial and commercial establishments. In lieu of this, there is an existing system for inspection in the form of the Labor Laws Compliance System (LLCS). Using a gap analysis, the research assessed the extent to which the national laws, regulations and implementation practices are consistent with ILO Convention No. 81.