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2022 ILS Studies

Retrospective Examination of Regulatory Changes and Trend Analysis of Selected Statistics on Contracting and Subcontracting

Throughout the years, DOLE has issued pertinent guidelines regards the practice of contracting and subcontracting. DOLE D.O No. 10 was issued in 1997. Contracting and subcontracting is currently governed by DOLE Department Order 174-17 (DOLE, 2017).

It has roots in Article 106 to 109 of the Labor Code of the Philippines, as amended.

In such an arrangement, the principal agrees to engage the services of a contractor for the completion of a specific service, usually within a period.


  • Provide a synthesis based on the retrospective examination
  • Contextualize the impact of the issuances of each policy on contracting and subcontracting statistics throughout the years

Researchers: Joanne Camille P. Bejarin & Ivan Cassidy F. Villena

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